1 small edible marine snail; steamed in wine or baked [syn: periwinkle]
2 edible marine gastropod [syn: periwinkle]
1 emit or reflect light in a flickering manner; "Does a constellation twinkle more brightly than a single star?" [syn: twinkle, scintillate]
3 remove or displace from a position [syn: winkle out]
- Rhymes: -ɪŋkəl
- (gastropod): periwinkle
- (children's slang: the penis): See
Translationsgastropod See periwinkle
The common periwinkle, or the winkle, Littorina littorea, is a species of small edible sea snail with an operculum, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Littorinidae, the winkles.
DistributionThis species lives on the northeastern and northwestern shores of the Atlantic Ocean.
The common periwinkle is mainly found on rocky coasts in the higher intertidal zone. It sometimes lives in small tide pools ranging from one to two m or about three to six feet in characteristic size. It is also found in muddy habitats such as estuaries. They are situated on the splash zone/ the extreme high tide mark.
Life habitsLike almost all snails, the periwinkle crawls using a muscular, fleshy foot which is lubricated by a film of mucus. When not active, it often nestles in a crack or gully. During low tide when it is exposed to the air, it can seal the gap between its shell and the rock with mucus to prevent desiccation. When loosened from the substrate it can effectively seal its shell against desiccation or predation using its operculum.
Periwinkles feed by grazing along the surface on which they live. They use their radula to scrape algae from rocks, and in the salt marsh community, cord grass or to pick up algae from the film that covers the surface of mud in estuaries or bays.
Human useEdible or common periwinkles have long been gathered from the shore for food.
Periwinkles are a delicacy in African and Asian cuisine. The meat is high in protein but low in fat content; it is estimated to have 15% protein, 2.4% fat and about 80% water. Periwinkles are also eaten in Britain and Ireland where they are commonly simply referred to as "winkles." In the northeastern portion of England they are commonly referred to as "Willicks". In the West of Scotland they are known as "Wilks"
Other periwinkles or winklesWorld-wide there are numerous species of periwinkle, all of which live in the intertidal zone. Some species live very high up in the splash zone, a part of the shore that is dry almost all of the time, and these species are virtually land snails.
Other snails commonly called winklesIn English-speaking countries in other parts of the world, gastropod molluscs from other families, such as the Nerites, Neritidae, are sometimes also commonly known as "winkles", simply because they are small marine snails that occupy a similar ecological niche.
commons Littorina littorea
- Abbott, R. Tucker, 1974. American Seashells. Second edition. Van Nostrand Rheinhold, New York
- Abbott, R. Tucker, 1986. Seashells of North America, St. Martin's Press, New York
winkle in Arabic: ونكة شائعة
winkle in Danish: Almindelig strandsnegl
winkle in German: Große Strandschnecke
winkle in French: Bigorneau
winkle in Dutch: Alikruik
winkle in Norwegian Nynorsk: Strandsnigel
winkle in Portuguese: Caramujo